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China’s vision of global governance to address common challenges – Xinhua

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This photo taken on November 12, 2022 shows the logo of the upcoming 17th Group of 20 (G20) summit outside Apurva Kempinski, the main summit venue in Bali, Indonesia. (Xinhua/Wang Yiliang)

BEIJING, Nov. 14 (Xinhua) — “What happened to the world and how should we react?”

As early as 2017, Chinese President Xi Jinping posed this sobering question in his speech at the United Nations Office at Geneva. He also presented China’s vision of building a human community with a shared future to ensure development and peace for generations.

This call is even more valid today, as the global community faces more complex challenges, including the lingering effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, regional conflicts and the headwinds of economic globalization.

As Group of 20 (G20) leaders meet this week to discuss how to resolve global issues at the 17th G20 summit in Indonesia, Xi is expected to once again outline China’s answers to the fundamental question. that weighs on the world.

Aerial photo taken on July 29, 2022 shows Xi’an International Port in Xi’an, northwest China’s Shaanxi Province. (Xinhua/Zhang Bowen)

COMMON DEVELOPMENT

Over the past decade, China has experienced remarkable growth, with its GDP rising from 53.9 trillion yuan ($7.58 trillion) in 2012 to 114.4 trillion yuan ($16.09 trillion) in 2021. greater role on the world stage.

China is also making unremitting efforts to promote common development in the world. The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) it proposed in 2013 strives to share its development dividends with other countries through infrastructure connectivity.

Until the end of 2021, the total volume of merchandise trade between China and countries along the BRI routes stood at nearly 11 trillion US dollars.

“Infrastructure development plays an important role in boosting economic growth. China has made tireless efforts in this regard through the Belt and Road cooperation and other initiatives,” said Mr. Xi on his thinking behind the initiative at the 16th G20 Leaders’ Summit.

“Through the BRI, it has therefore brought new thinking about development – ​​from simple loan recipients to real projects on the ground that bring development through trade and business,” said James M. Njihia, Dean of the Faculty of Commerce and Management. , University of Nairobi.

In September last year, Xi introduced the Global Development Initiative (GDI) during the general debate of the 76th session of the UN General Assembly. At the High-Level Dialogue on Global Development in June this year, he explained the steps China will take under the GDI to support the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including deepening global cooperation in poverty reduction, building capacity for food production and supply. , and the promotion of clean energy partnerships.

“The Global Initiative for Global Development is a valuable contribution to addressing common challenges and accelerating the transition to a more sustainable and inclusive future,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.

In addition to these two initiatives, China shares opportunities with the world. These include the launch of the China International Import Expo, the establishment of pilot zones for e-commerce cooperation on the Silk Road, the implementation of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership and application to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership.

World Bank data showed that during the period 2013-2021, China’s contribution to global economic growth averaged 38.6 percent, higher than that of the Group of Seven countries combined.

China’s proposals for common development exemplify a correct understanding of global issues and a focus on collective progress, said Farhad Javanbakht Kheirabadi, a Chinese researcher at Shahid Beheshti University in Iran.

Doves are released into the sky at Tian’anmen Square in Beijing, capital of China, July 1, 2021. (Xinhua/Sun Fei)

INDIVISIBLE SECURITY

“With peace, a country enjoys prosperity, just like with rain, the earth can prosper,” Xi said, citing an Uzbek proverb. However, today’s world is far from calm, with global peace and security deficits widening.

In response, Xi proposed the Global Security Initiative (GSI) at the opening ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia’s 2022 annual conference, offering a Chinese solution to global security challenges.

The initiative advocates cooperative and synergistic approaches to replace the Cold War zero-sum mindset of maximizing security with contesting power and pursuing arms, Pakistani Prime Minister Shehbaz said. Sharif.

David Monyae, director of the Center for Africa-China Studies at the University of Johannesburg, said the initiative presents the right guiding philosophy on global peace and security.

The GSI is part of China’s contribution to solving the global security deficit. Over the past decades, China has called for promoting a common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security vision.

Since 1990, China has sent more than 50,000 peacekeepers to nearly 30 UN peacekeeping missions and has become the second largest financial contributor to these critical UN operations. Csaba Korosi, president of the 77th session of the UN General Assembly, described China as “strong support for the (UN) blue flag”.

Faced with various security threats, China has sought to coordinate responses through multilateral mechanisms such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Addressing the 22nd meeting of the SCO Heads of State Council in September, Xi called on members to crack down on terrorism, separatism and extremism, as well as effectively address security challenges. data security, biosecurity, space security and other non-traditional security areas.

Building a global security community for all “solves the problems of peace deficit and governance deficit, and pursues peace and development”, which will undoubtedly gain momentum, said BR Deepak, president of the Center for China and Southeast Asian Studies in New Delhi. at Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Photo taken on Nov. 22, 2021 shows wind turbines at the De Aar Wind Project in De Aar, South Africa. (Xinhua/Lyu Tianran)

A COMMUNITY

Faced with the persistence of the pandemic, the rise of geopolitical tensions and the rise of protectionism and unilateralism, global development is facing setbacks.

The latest Human Development Report, released by the United Nations Development Program in September, showed that nine out of 10 countries have fallen behind in human development due to multiple crises, including the North-South divide, technological divides and insufficient climate action.

While urging developed countries to keep their climate promise, China is helping developing countries build their adaptive capacity through South-South cooperation.

So far, China has offered other developing countries 2 billion yuan ($276 million) for climate change adaptation and mitigation, as well as equipment such as microsatellites and drones used for climate change. monitoring and warning of natural disasters.

Meanwhile, China provided global public goods where they were needed. To narrow the “vaccination gap” revealed by the pandemic, China and other BRICS countries have inaugurated a vaccine research and development center to make vaccines accessible and affordable for developing countries.

The countries have also provided development experience and technology to the countries of the South. For example, China is helping many African countries, such as Mozambique, to develop modern agriculture with the help of China-developed BeiDou satellite navigation system and unmanned equipment.

At the opening ceremony of the BRICS Business Forum in June, Xi again called on the world to “promote in-depth consultation and joint contribution to deliver shared benefits” to ensure that “all countries enjoy equal rights, follow the rules as equals and share equal opportunities.”

“Despite the changes in a changing global environment, the historical trend of opening up and development will not be reversed,” Xi said, calling for facing challenges and resolutely forging ahead. objective of building a human community of destiny.

In the eyes of the Algerian ambassador to China, Hassane Rabehi, China’s proposals “are noble because they are in the interest of all humanity” and inspire all countries to work together to “support peace and stability in the world and working together for the common good”. .”