Home Climate justice Western nations must bear financial burden of tackling climate change, says environment minister

Western nations must bear financial burden of tackling climate change, says environment minister

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Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav said on Sunday that India’s per capita carbon emissions are among the lowest in the world and that industrialized Western countries would bear the bulk of the financial burden of the fight against climate change.

Addressing the “Conference on Environmental Diversity and Environmental Jurisprudence: National and International Perspective” at the University of Chandigarh, the Minister also stressed the need to strike a balance between development and environment.

He said that India’s environmental legislation and policy is not only about protection and conservation but also “equity and justice”.

“There can be no environmental justice and equity if those most affected by environmental protection measures are those who are not responsible for the problem.

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“It works both globally and locally: India’s per capita carbon emissions are among the lowest in the world (two tons) and therefore Western industrialized countries would have to bear the bulk of the financial burden of the fight against climate change,” the minister said in a statement. as told.

Yadav also spoke of “waves of environmental litigation over the years that have become detrimental to development.”

“Society should prosper, but not at the expense of the environment, and likewise the environment should be protected, but not at the expense of development. The need of the hour is to strike a balance between the two,” he said. Yadav said the latest IPCC Working Group III report justifies India’s focus on equity.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body responsible for assessing climate change.

“Equity remains central to the UN climate regime, despite changes in differentiation between states over time and difficulties in assessing equitable shares,” the minister quoted in the report.

He said that India had the largest number of forest dependent communities in the world and their livelihoods, culture and existence depended on access to forest.

“In our zeal to protect forests, we cannot ignore the existence of so many communities living in forests. It is for this reason that Western ideas of conservation, which exclude local people, can have serious ramifications for the rights of forest-dependent communities,” Yadav added.

“Similarly, our coastal areas provide livelihoods for the world’s largest fishing communities whose very existence depends on the integrity of coastal areas. Therefore, while it is important to focus on building climate resilience infrastructure in coastal areas, it is equally important to ensure that no negative impacts are caused to those whose livelihoods depend on the coasts,” he said.

Yadav pointed out that environmental law, despite its development in recent times, is still in its infancy.

“The concept of accountability needs to be developed both nationally and internationally. Environmental jurisprudence still focuses on punishing the polluter or the poacher at the local level, while the reality of climate change, ocean and air pollution forces us to design mechanisms that can go beyond national borders.

“This is crucial given that there is a limited mechanism to hold polluters accountable if the origin is not in the country,” he said.

The minister also commended the judiciary for its important role in addressing environmental issues.

“Industrialization and environmental preservation are two conflicting interests and their harmonization is a major challenge before the country’s judicial system and governance system,” he said.

Yadav said the focus should be on “conscious and deliberate” use of resources, not “reckless and destructive consumption”.

“We must protect the environment, not just for future generations but also for the current generation, after all there is only one planet and there is no planet B. The time has come to think collectively,” he said.


(Except for the title, this story has no editing by federal government staff and is published automatically from a syndicated feed.)